United Nations Climate Report Warns Miami Basically Screwed

Cristina Cross
October 10, 2018

Preventing an extra single degree of heat could make a life-or-death difference in the next few decades for multitudes of people and ecosystems on this fast-warming planet, an worldwide panel of scientists reported Sunday.

Climate scientists have been studying the effect of a global temperature rise of 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) over preindustrial levels and have determined that is the maximum possible warming before sea level rise, drought, and other climate-change effects become catastrophic.

"Let's not forget that Australia accounts for just over one per cent of global emissions, so there are a lot bigger players than us out there impacting on these arrangements", the PM said. For example, by 2100, global sea level rise would be 10 centimeters lower with global warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius compared with 2 degrees Celsius.

Countries will need to bring down their greenhouse gas to about half of 2010 levels by 2030 and to net zero by about 2050.

"While the pace of change that would be required to limit warming to 1.5°C can be found in the past, there is no historical precedent for the scale of the necessary transitions, in particular in a socially and economically sustainable way", the report continues. "I want the plan to succeed but the plan is not ambitious enough and right now we're seeing that it's going nowhere". "This means that any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing Carbon dioxide from the air", it says.

The report suggests that coral reefs would decline by 70-90 percent with global warming of 1.5°C, whereas virtually all ( 99 percent) would be lost with 2ºC.

Jim Skea, Co-Chair of IPCC Working Group says, "We've told you the scientific facts, the evidence, the cost, it is up to the governments now to decide what to do with it".

The report is seen as the main scientific guide for government policymakers on how to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement during the Katowice Climate Change Conference in Poland in December.

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"The next few years are probably the most important in human history", IPCC co-chair Debra Roberts, head of the Environmental Planning and Climate Protection Department in South Africa, told Agence France-Presse.

The report further revealed that global warming has already had an effect in regions across the world.

If global temperatures rise 2C above pre-industrial levels, the world's coral reefs - including Ningaloo and the Great Barrier - would die. We need to make to make major changes in transportation, buildings, industry, and how we use land. "It is also expected to drive the loss of coastal resources, and reduce the productivity of aquaculture", the report says. This, in turn, would accelerate the collapse of permafrost, releasing its ancient stores of methane, a super climate pollutant 30 times more potent in causing warming than carbon dioxide.

Developing nations and least developed countries have been asking developed nations, particularly the United States, to take historical and moral responsibility for being one of the largest greenhouse gas emitters.

Meanwhile, he has pledged to speed up the burning of coal, which the report warns would block pathways to keeping warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Small islands and coastal cities such as NY and Mumbai risk going underwater without the installation of sea barriers. And, we have certain areas in the world, which are extremely sensitive.

In order to reach this, society will need to make "unprecedented" changes including closing hundreds of coal-fired power stations and rapidly switching to renewable energy.

That could reduce flooding and give the people that inhabit the world's coasts, islands and river deltas time to adapt to climate change.

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